•  anirudh.shingal@spjimr.org

Anirudh Shingal

Professor, Finance & Economics

Anirudh Shingal holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Sussex, UK, and a master’s degree in International Law and Economics from the World Trade Institute, University of Bern, Switzerland. An avid researcher, his experience covers over 20 years of diverse roles with distinguished international organisations and institutions, such as the World Bank, WTO, World Trade Institute, and European University Institute.

His research contributions to services trade, government procurement, global value chains, and regional integration have been presented and published in leading academic journals, international conferences, and book chapters. He offers consulting in economics research and policy analysis to a range of international institutions, including the World Bank, ADB, the European Commission, and the Commonwealth Secretariat.

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University of Sussex

Ph.D., 2009
Focus: International Economics, Applied Econometrics, Development
Title: Three essays on trade in services: exploring tradability, regional trade, and government procurement of services

World Trade Institute

Master’s in International Law & Economics, 2002
Major: International Trade
Title: The Agreement on Government Procurement: an analysis of submissions made by Japan

Delhi School of Economics, Delhi University

MA, 1999

St. Stephen’s College

BA (Hons.), 1996.
Major: Economics


    International Trade

    Applied Econometrics

    Regional Economics

    Trade Policy


    Hoekman, B., Santi, F., & Shingal, A. (2024). Country characteristics and trade policy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Review of International Economics, 1–26. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1111/roie.12733

    Hoekman, B., & Shingal, A. (2023). Development Goals, commercial interest and EU Aid-for-Trade. World Development, 173, 106389. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2023.106389

    Shingal, A., & Agarwal, P. (2023). How did GVC-trade respond to previous health shocks? Evidence from SARS and MERS. Review of International Economics, 1–25, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1111/roie.12701

    Anirudh Shingal (2023). The COVID-19 shock and services trade decline: potential for digitalization matters, Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Online, DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2023.2206616

    Hoekman, B., Santi, F., & Shingal, A. (2023). Trade effects of non-economic provisions in trade agreements. Economics Letters, 226, 111081.

    Shingal, A. (2023). Sanctions and services trade: the neglected dimension. Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper, (03).

    Shingal, A. (2022). Mode 4 restrictiveness and services trade. Review of World Economics, Springer International Publishing


    Shingal, A. (2022). COVID-19, services trade and greenfield investment in ASEAN+6. The World Economy. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1111/twec.13304

    Nergiz Dinçer, N., Shingal, A., Tekin-Koru, A. (2021). Exchange rate fluctuations, volatility and exports: the intensive margin effect for Turkish firms’, Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, published 12 October 2021, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638199.2021.1984548

    Ghossein, T., Hoekman, B., Shingal, A. (2021). Public Procurement, Regional Integration, and the Belt and Road Initiative. World Bank Research Observer, 36(2), 131–163.

    Cottier, T., Shingal, A. (2021). Migration, trade and investment: towards a new common concern of humankind. Journal of World Trade, 55(1), 51-76. https://kluwerlawonline.com/journalarticle/Journal+of+World+Trade/55.1/TRAD2021002

    Hoekman, B., Shingal, A., Eknath, V., Ereshchenko, V. (2021). COVID19, public procurement regimes and trade policy. The World Economy.

    Evenett, S., Fiorini, M., Fritz, J., Hoekman, B., Lukaszuk, P., Rocha, N., Ruta, M., Santi, F., Shingal, A. (2021). Trade policy responses to the COVID19 pandemic crisis: Evidence from a new data set. The World Economy.

    Hoekman, B., Shingal, A. (2021). Aid for Trade and Trade in Services. Journal of Development Studies.

    Egger, P., Shingal, A. (2021). Determinants of services trade agreement membership. Review of World Economics, 157(1), 21-64.

    Shingal, A., Ehrich, M., Foletti, L. (2020). Re-estimating the effects of heterogeneous standards on trade: endogeneity matters. The World Economy, 44(3), 756-787.

    Shingal, A. (2020). Aid for trade in services: definition, magnitude and effects. Trade Law & Development, 12(1), 342-354. https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/traladpt12&div=15&id=&page=

    Hoekman, B., Shingal, A. (2020). Aid for trade and international transactions in goods and services. Review of International Economics, 28(2), 320-340.

    Haraguchi, N., Martorano, B., Sanfilippo, M., Shingal, A. (2019). Manufacturing growth accelerations in developing countries. Review of Development Economics, 23(4), 1696-1724.

    Sauvé, P., Shingal, A., (2019). The labour market effects of applied service regimes and service sector reforms. International Labour Review, 158(1), 169-190.

    Fauceglia, D., Lassmann, A., Shingal, A., Wermelinger, M. (2018). Backward participation in global value chains and exchange rate driven adjustments of Swiss exports. Review of World Economics, 154(3), 537-584.

    Shingal, A., Roy, M., Sauvé, P. (2018). Do WTO+ commitments in services trade agreements reflect a quest for optimal regulatory convergence? Evidence from Asia. The World Economy, 41(5), 1223-1250.

    Link to Google Scholar


    Shingal, A. (2014). In P. Sauve (Ed.), The Preferential Liberalization of Trade in Services: Comparative Regionalism (pp. 456 pp). Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/gbp/the-preferential-liberalization-of-trade-in-services-9781782548959.html

    Shingal, A., Ereshchenko, V. (2020). Mapping government procurement provisions in preferential trade agreements: evidence from a new classification available as ‘Public procurement’ in A. Mattoo, M. Ruta and N. Rocha (2020 eds.) Handbook of Deep Trade Agreements, World Bank, Washington DC

    Evenett, S. J., Shingal, A. (2019). Gauging procurement policy change during the crisis era: evidence from the Global Trade Alert. In J. Francois & B. Hoekman (Eds.), Behind-the-Border Policies: Assessing and Addressing Non-Tariff Measures (pp. Chapter 6 pp. 128- 149). Cambridge University Press.

    Shingal, A. (2017). Internationalization of government procurement regulation: The case of India. In Georgopulos, A. C., Mavroidis, P. C., Hoekman, B. (eds.) The Internationalization of Government Procurement Regulation (pp. Pp. 404-431). Oxford University Press.

    Shingal, A. (2016). Going beyond the 0/1 dummy: Estimating the effect of heterogeneous provisions in services accords on services trade. In M. Roy & P. Sauvé (eds.) Research Handbook in International Trade in Services. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

    Shingal, A. (2014). Revisiting the trade effect of services agreements. In A. Dur & M. Elsig (Eds.), Trade Cooperation: The Purpose, Design and Effects of Preferential Trade Agreements (pp. pp. 392-407). Cambridge University Press.

    Shingal, A. (2014). How much do negotiated agreements matter for services trade? In A. Shingal & P. Sauve (Eds.), The Preferential Liberalization of Trade in Services: Comparative Regionalism (pp. pp: 68-100). Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

    Shingal, A., Kander (2014). India and her trade agreements: What lies beneath? In: Herrmann C., Krajewski M., Terhechte J. (eds) European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2014 (vol. 5, pp. pp 355-375). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-40913-4_15


    Shingal, A. (Presenter). (2023). Effect of standards harmonization on trade, prices and quality: evidence from EU MRLs. 4th Annual Economics Conference. Ahmedabad University.

    Shingal, A. (Presenter). (2022). Effect of standards harmonization on trade, prices and quality: evidence from EU MRLs. 17th Annual Conference on Economic Growth & Development. ISI, New Delhi.

    Shingal, A. (Author & Presenter). (2022). Services trade, digitalization and post-pandemic recovery. The WTO’s 12th Ministerial Conference (MC12). World Trade Organization-WTO Public Forum 2022

    Shingal, A. (Author & Presenter). (2022). The COVID-19 shock and services trade: Explaining the heterogeneous decline. The European Trade Study Group (ETSG) 2022 Groningen Conference. University of Bern, University of Strathclyde, and the University of Surrey

    Shingal, A. (Presenter), TIISA Network Conference, “The COVID-19 shock and services trade: Explaining the heterogeneous decline,” Örebro University, Sweden (November 2021).

    Shingal, A. (Presenter), Italian Trade Study Group, “How did GVC-trade respond to previous health shocks? Implications for COVID-19,” Ancona, Italy. (December 2020).

    Shingal, A. (Presenter), European Trade Study Group, “Greenfield investment and GVC- integration,” World Trade Institute, Paris. (September 2019).

    Shingal, A. (Presenter), Third EIST Conference, “Aid for trade in services and trade,” European University Institute (EUI), Florence. (August 2018).

    Shingal, A., World Trade Forum, “Colonies, LDCs and services trade,” (October 16, 2017).

    Shingal, A. (Presenter), RES Annual Conference, “Re-estimating the effects of stricter standards on trade: endogeneity matters,” RES Annual Conference University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK. (March 2016).

    Shingal, A. (Presenter), European Trade Study Group, “Re-estimating the effects of stricter standards on trade: endogeneity matters,” Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris. (September 2015).

    Shingal, A. (Presenter), Conference on Preferential Trade Agreements, “University of Göttingen, Germany The Economics of Preferential Trade Agreements,” University of Göttingen, Germany. (September 2014).


    Shingal, A., (2021). The COVID-19 shock and services trade: Explaining the heterogeneous decline. POMS India International Conference, SPJIMR, Mumbai


    Shingal, A. (2020). The lingering effect of Covid on services trade. Business Standard column, 1 May.

    Shingal, A. (2019). Lessons from RCEP negotiations. Business Standard column, 14 November.

    Shingal, A. (2019). Effects of the US-China Tariff Escalation. Business Standard column, 11 June.


    Shingal, A. (2024). The Blend Games. Financial Express.

    Shingal, A., (2023). India’s services trade. Financial Express

    Shingal, A., Joshi, C. (2023). The India-UK free trade agreement – opportunities and challenges. Financial Express

    Shingal, A., Agarwal, P. (2021). COVID-era Trade Policy Passthrough to Trade Flows: Idiosyncratic or not? Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR). https://cepr.org/content/covid-economics


    Shingal, A. (2021). Impact and Implications of COVID-19 on Services Sector and Trade

    Shingal, A. (2020). Business regulation in South Asia and the Belt and Road Initiative


    Shingal, A. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 on Commonwealth Services Trade.

    Shingal, A. (2020). Commonwealth greenfield investment: stylized facts and effect of Commonwealth membership.

    Shingal, A. (2020). Liberalizing versus facilitating Mode 4 trade in services.

    Shingal, A., Ehrich, M. (2019). Trade effects of standards harmonization in the EU: improved access for non-EU partners. ICRIER Working Paper 372, April 2019.

    Shingal, A., Roy, M. Sauvé, P. (2018). WTO+ Commitments on Services in Asian PTAs: The Role of Regulatory Homogeneity and Goods Trade Complementarity. ARTNeT Working Paper Series, No. 178, February 2018, Bangkok, ESCAP.

    Shingal, A. (2016). Colonial legacy, services trade and LDCs. EUI RSCAS Working Paper No. 2016/70.

    Shingal, A. (2015). Labour market effects of integration into GVCs: Review of literature. R4D Working Paper, 2015/10.

    Shingal, A. (2012). Estimating market access in non-GPA countries: A suggested methodology. NCCR-Trade working paper 2012/06.

    Shingal, A. (2011). TRIPS and Special & Differential Treatment – Revisiting the Case for Derogations in Applying Patent Protection for Pharmaceuticals in Developing Countries. NCCR Trade working paper 2011/37 (with Javier Lopez-Gonzalez, Maximiliano Mendez-Parra & Peter Holmes)


    Business Economics


    International Trade


    Associate Professor, S. P. Jain Institute of Management & Research (Jan 2021 – Now)

    Finance & Economics

    ICRIER, New Delhi (November 2018 – October 2020)

    Senior Fellow

    World Trade Institute, Bern (January 2010 – December 2017)


    World Trade Institute, Bern (January 2010 – December 2017)

    Senior Research Fellow

    European University Institute, Florence (September 2016 – August 2017)

    Jean Monnet Fellow

    University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton (October 2005 – September 2009)

    Research Associate

    University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton (October 2005 – September 2009)

    Associate Tutor

    The World Bank, Washington D.C. (November 2002 – September 2005).


    World Trade Organization, Geneva (August 2002 – October 2002).

    Trainee, Development & Economic Research Division

    Arthur Andersen, New Delhi (June 2001 – September 2001)

    Economist, International Tax & Transfer Pricing Division


    For-profit organisation, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), Jakarta, New Delhi, India. (October 2020 – December 2020)

    International organization, Commonwealth Secretariat, New Delhi, India. (May 2020 – August 2020)

    For-profit organisation, The World Bank, New Delhi, India. (March 2018 – October 2018)

    Government, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, UK, Bern, Switzerland. (March 2017 – September 2017)

    Government, Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), Bern, Bern, Switzerland. (September 2016 – May 2017)

    For-profit organisation, Asian Development Bank, Bern, Switzerland. (December 2016 – March 2017)

    For-profit organisation, The World Bank, Florence, Italy. (September 2016 – March 2017)

    For-profit organisation, Commonwealth Secretariat, Bern, Switzerland. (September 2014 – December 2014)


    Associate Editor, Journal of South Asian Development, Appointed. (December 2021 – Present)

    Managing Editor on Manuscripts


    Journal of Economic Geography

    Journal of Development Economics

    Review of International Economics

    The World Economy

    World Trade Review

    Climate Policy

    Review of International Organizations

    Review of World Economics

    International Tax and Public Finance

    German Economic Review

    Canadian Journal of Development Studies

    Journal of International Trade and Economic Development

    Indian Growth and Development Review

    International Journal of Global Energy Issues

    Ethics and International Affairs

    Foreign Trade Review

    Economic Research South Africa

    International Trade Journal

    GTAP Annual Conferences

    Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance

    Australian Economic Papers

    Applied Energy

    Journal of Indian Business Research

    Global Policy

    Economic Change and Restructuring


    Co-organiser, World Trade Institute and Jindal Law School, New Delhi. (May 2015)

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